SemesterSpring Semester, 2021
DepartmentInternational Master's Program in International Studies, First Year International Master's Program in International Studies, Second Year
Course NameConflict Management
Course TypeElective
Course Objective
Course Description
Course Schedule

Week of February 22: Introduction

     Louis Kriesberg The conflict resolution field: origins, growth, and differentiation,” in I. William Zartman, ed., Peacemaking in international conflict: methods & techniques (Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace, 2007) (electronic resource through NCCU library)

     Jacob Bercovitch, and Richard Jackson. 2009. Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-first Century. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, Chap. 1 (scan)


Week of March 1: What are armed conflicts? What is the origin of organized conflicts?  

     Jack S Levy, and William R. Thompson. Causes of war. John Wiley & Sons, 2011. Chaps. 1,2, 8 (available as a pdf through Google Scholar; I can send the electronic copy on request))

     Azur Gat, The Causes of War & The Spread of Peace: But Will War Rebound? Chaps 1-2 (email/Moodle scan)


Week of March 8: Theories of conflict

     Paul F. Diehl, "Contiguity and military escalation in major power rivalries, 1816-1980." The Journal of Politics 47, no. 4 (1985): 1203-1211.

     Lotta Themner and Peter Wallensteen, “Armed Conflicts, 1946-2011,” Journal of Peace Research. Vol. 49, No. 4 (2012):565-575

     Samuel P. Huntington, "The clash of civilizations?" Foreign affairs (1993): 22-49 (available electronically through library, will also post on Moodle).

     Paul D Senese and John A. Vasquez, “Assessing the Steps to War,” British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 35, No. 4 (2005): 607-33.

     Gary Goertz and Paul F. Diehl. "Enduring rivalries: Theoretical constructs and empirical patterns." International studies quarterly 37, no. 2 (1993): 147-171.


Week of March 15: Theories of conflict management

     Barbara F Walter, Committing to Peace. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Chapters 1, 2, 8

     Richard Ned Lebow, “Introduction,” “How are Conflicts Resolved?” and “Rethinking Conflict Management and Resolution,” in Avoiding War, Making Peace (New York: Palgrave McMillan, 2018) (electronic resource via NCCU library)


Week of March 22: Negative and Positive Peace

     David Roberts, "Post?conflict Statebuilding and State Legitimacy: From Negative to Positive Peace?" Development and Change 39, no. 4 (2008): 537-555.

     Zden?k K?í? and Petr ?ermák, "Bosnia and Herzegovina between Negative and Positive Peace: View from the Local Level." Romanian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 14, no. 2 (2014).

     James P. Klein, Gary Goertz, and Paul F. Diehl. “The Peace Scale: Conceptualizing and Operationalizing Non-Rivalry and Peace.” Conflict Management and Peace Science Vol. 25, No.1 (2008): 67–80.


Week of March 29: Conflict prevention and non-violent alternatives

     Jacob Bercovitch, and Richard Jackson. 2009. Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-first Century. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, Chap. 7.

  Gerald Steinberg, The Centrality of Confidence Building Measures: Lessons from the Middle East,  in David Carment and Albrecht Schnabel eds., Conflict Prevention: From Rhetoric to Reality, Vol. 2: Opportunities and Innovations (New York: Lexington Books, 2004) (scan on Moodle)

     William J. Dixon, “Third-Party Techniques for Preventing Conflict Escalation and Promoting Peaceful Settlement.” International Organization Vol. 50, No 4 (1996): 653–81.

     Alice Ackermann, "The Prevention of Armed Conflicts as an Emerging Norm in International Conflict Management: The OSCE and the UN as Norm Leaders." Peace and Conflict Studies 10, no. 1 (2003): 1-14.


Week of April 5: Negotiations: theory and practice

         Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson. "Negotiation or mediation? An exploration of factors affecting the choice of conflict management in international conflict." Negotiation Journal 17, no. 1 (2001): 59-77.

       Daniel Druckman, “Negotiating in the international context,” in I. William Zartman, ed., Peacemaking in international conflict: methods & techniques

     Michael Greig, J., and Paul F. Diehl. "Softening up: Making conflicts more amenable to diplomacy." International Interactions 32, no. 4 (2006): 355-384.

     Faten Ghosn, “Getting to the Table and Getting to Yes: An Analysis of International Negotiations,” International Studies Quarterly 54 (4):1055-72.


Week of April 12: Mediation

     Kyle Beardsley, The Mediation Dilemma. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, ch2.

     Wallensteen, Peter, and Isak Svensson. "Talking peace: International mediation in armed conflicts." Journal of Peace Research 51, no. 2 (2014): 315-327.

      Jacob Bercovitch, “Mediation in international conflicts: theory, practice, and developments,” in I. William Zartman, ed., Peacemaking in international conflict: methods & techniques

     J. Michael Greig, "Stepping into the fray: when do mediators mediate?" American Journal of Political Science 49, no. 2 (2005): 249-266

     Derrick V. Frazier and William J. Dixon. "Third-party intermediaries and negotiated settlements, 1946–2000." In International Conflict Mediation, pp. 61-84. Routledge, 2008. (online)

Elgström, Ole, Jacob Bercovitch, and Carl Skau. "Regional organisations and international mediation: The effectiveness of insider mediators." African Journal on Conflict Resolution 3, no. 1 (2003): 11-27.


Week of April 19: Midterm paper (no class)


Week of April 26: Arbitration and Adjudication

     S.E. Gent, and M. Shannon. “The Effectiveness of International Arbitration and Adjudication: Getting Into a Bind.” The Journal of Politics 72 (02): 366–380.

     Paul K. Huth, Sarah E. Croco, and Benjamin J. Appel, “Bringing Law to the Table: Legal Claims, Focal Points, and the Settlement of Territorial Disputes since 1945,” American Journal of Political Science, 57(1):90-103.

    Gent, Stephen E. "The Politics of International Arbitration and Adjudication." Penn St. JL & Int'l Aff. 2 (2013): 66.

 Richard B. Bilder, “Adjudication: international arbitral tribunals and courts”, in I. William Zartman, ed., Peacemaking in international conflict: methods & techniques

     Jacob Bercovitch, and Richard Jackson. 2009. Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-first Century. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, Chap. 4.

Week of May 3: Peacekeeping

     J. Michael Greig, and Paul F. Diehl, “The Peacekeeping–Peacemaking Dilemma.” International Studies Quarterly 49 (4): 621–45.

     Virginia Page Fortna, Does Peacekeeping Work? Shaping Belligerents’ Choices after Civil War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Ch 2 & 5.

Gilligan, Michael, and Stephen John Stedman. "Where do the peacekeepers go?." International Studies Review 5, no. 4 (2003): 37-54.

     Jane Hall Lute “The role of force in peacemaking,” in in I. William Zartman, ed.,  Peacemaking in international conflict: methods & techniques

     Jacob Bercovitch, and Richard Jackson. Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-first Century. (Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2009), Chap. 5.


Week of May 10: Duration of peace

     Virginia Page Fortna,. Scraps of Paper? Agreements and the Durability of Peace. International Organization, Vol 57, No. 2,  (2003), 337-72.

     Michaela Mattes and Burcu Savun.. “Information, Agreement Design, and the Durability of Civil War Settlements.” American Journal of Political Science Vol. 54, No. 2 (2010): 511–24.

     Virginia Page Fortna, "Does peacekeeping keep peace? International intervention and the duration of peace after civil war." International studies quarterly 48, no. 2 (2004): 269-292.

    Suzanne Werner, “The Precarious Nature of Peace: Resolving the Issues, Enforcing the Settlement, and Renegotiating the Terms.” American Journal of Political Science 43 (3): 912–34.


Week of May 17: Peace building and the aftermath of conflict

     Danielle Beswick, "Aiding state building and sacrificing peace building? The Rwanda–UK relationship 1994–2011." Third World Quarterly 32, no. 10 (2011): 1911-1930.

     Thomas E. Flores and Irfan Nooruddin. 2012. The Effect of Elections on Postconflict Peace and Reconstruction. Journal of Politics 74(2):558-570.

     Michael W Doyle and Nicholas Sambanis. 2006. Making War and Building Peace: United Nations Peace Operations. Princeton , NJ: Princeton University Press, introduction.

     John Paul Lederach, Building peace: sustainable reconciliation in divided societies (Washington, D.C. : United States Institute of Peace Press, 1997)


Week of May 24: Intervention and coercion

      Patrick M Regan, "Conditions of successful third-party intervention in intrastate conflicts." Journal of Conflict Resolution 40, no. 2 (1996): 336-359.

     Zachary C. Shirkey, “When and How Many: The Effects of Third Party Joining on Casualties and Duration in Interstate Wars,” Journal of Peace Research 49(2):321-334.

     Matthew Krain, "International intervention and the severity of genocides and politicides." International Studies Quarterly 49, no. 3 (2005): 363-387.


Week of May 31: Issues of Gender and Identity

     Maria O'Reilly, Gendered agency in war and peace : gender justice and women's activism in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina chaps 2-4 (online resource through NCCU library website)

     David A. Lake, and Donald Rothchild. "Containing fear: The origins and management of ethnic conflict." International security 21, no. 2 (1996): 41-75.

     Ted Robert Gurr, "Peoples against states: Ethnopolitical conflict and the changing world system: 1994 presidential address." International studies quarterly 38, no. 3 (1994): 347-377.

     Annika Björkdahl, "A gender?just peace? Exploring the post?Dayton peace process in Bosnia." Peace & Change 37, no. 2 (2012): 286-317.

     María José Hierro and Aina Gallego. "Identities in between: Political conflict and ethnonational identities in multicultural states." Journal of Conflict Resolution 62, no. 6 (2018): 1314-1339.

     Chaim Kaufmann, "Possible and impossible solutions to ethnic civil wars." International security 20, no. 4 (1996): 136-175.

     Daniel Egiegba Agbiboa, "Boko-Haram and the global jihad: ‘do not think jihad is over. Rather jihad has just begun’." Australian Journal of International Affairs 68, no. 4 (2014): 400-417.


Week of June 7: Conflict Resolution: Regional Case Studies

     Richard Haas, Asian and Pacific regional cooperation: turning zones of conflict into arenas of peace. New York, Palgrave, 2013) (electronic via NCCU library)

    Jacob Bercovitch, Kwei-Bo Huang, and Chung-Chian Teng, eds., Conflict management, security and intervention in East Asia: third-party mediation in regional conflict (electronic via NCCU library)

     Mona Fixdal, ed., Ways out of war: peacemakers in the Middle East and Balkans (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) (electronic via NCCU library)

     Nathalie Tocci, The EU and conflict resolution: promoting peace in the backyard (New York: Routledge, 2007) (electronic via NCCU library)

Week of June 14: Makeup, discussion of papers


Teaching Methods
Teaching Assistant


  1. A five-page paper, due the week of midterms, which outlines a question or problem arising from a particular set of readings. Worth 35% of total grade.

  2. An eighteen-page paper, due at the end of the term, which addresses some broad question arising from the writings of one or more of the readings under discussion. Worth 50% of total grade.

  3. Attendance and in-class discussion. Worth 15% of total grade.

Textbook & Reference

Readings will be available either electronically or on Moodle

Urls about Course