SemesterSpring Semester, 2021
DepartmentInternational Master's Program in International Communication Studies, First Year
Course NamePortrayals of Minorities in Media
Instructor
Credit3.0
Course TypeElective
Prerequisite
Course Objective
Course Description
Course Schedule































































































































































週次



Week



課程主題



Topic



課程內容與指定閱讀



Content and Reading Assignment



教學活動與作業



Teaching Activities and Homework



學習投入時間



Student workload expectation



課堂講授



In-class Hours



課程前後



Outside-of-class Hours



1



Introduction



Syllabus



Assignment 1



3



1



2



Theoretical Framework



Cultivation Theory, Stereotypes & Stereotype Threats



Assignment 2



3



2



3



Ethnicity



Lecture on Hakka in Taiwan: Case Study



Project 1



3



1



4



Ethnicity I



Indigenous peoples & African Americans



Project 2



3



2



5



Ethnicity II



‘New’ Immigrants



Project 3



3



2



6



Ethnicity III



Solutions and Challenges



Project 4



3



2



7



Gender I



Sexism & Sexual Discrimination



Project 5



3



2



8



Gender II



LGBT & More



Project 6



3



2



9



Gender III



Solutions and Challenges



Project 7



3



3-8



10



Mid-Term



Meetings for the Project and the Portfolio



 



3



3-8



11



Mid-Term



Term Proposal Presentation



Project 8



3



2



12



Other Issues I



Ageism



Project 9



3



2



13



Other Issues II



Mental/Physical Impairments, Crime-related Cases& Wealth Inequality



Project 10



3



2



14



Conclusion



Empathy & Implications for Media Literacy & Cognitive Dissonance



Project 11



3



5-8



15



Final



Project Presentation



Project 12



3



5-8



16



Independent Study I



Term Paper Consultation & Revision



Project 13



0



3-8



17



Independent Study II



Course Portfolio Consultation & Revision



 



0



3-8



18



Independent Study III



Paper and Portfolio Submission



 



0



3-8



Teaching Methods
Teaching Assistant
Requirement/Grading

(i) Class participation and discussion: 15%



(ii) Reading guides: 20%



(iii) Weekly assignments: 10%



(iv) Course portfolio: 20%



(v) Term paper (Final Project): 35%


Textbook & Reference

Week02:



2-1: Murphy, Annie. (2012, Oct 6). Intelligence and the Stereotype Threat: It’s Not Me, It’s You. The New York Times, Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/07/opinion/sunday/intelligence-and-the-stereotype-threat.html



 



2-2: Mosharafa, Eman. (2015). All you Need to Know About: The Cultivation Theory. Global Journal of Human-Social Science: A Arts & Humanities – Psychology, 15 (8), 23-37.



 



2-3: Ramasubramanian, Srividya & Murphy, Chantrey J. (2014). Experimental Studies of Media Stereotyping Effects. In Murray Webster Jr. and Jane Sell (eds.), Laboratory Experiments in the Social Sciences- Second Edition, 385-402. Elsevier Academic Press.



 



2-4: Stangor, Charles., Jhangiani, Rajiv. & Tarry, Hammond. (2014). Principles of Social Psychology- 1st International Edition. BCcampus OpenEd, Minneapolis : Open Textbook Library.



 



 



Week03:



3-1: Loa, Lok-Sin. (2013, Nov 14). Hakka Council Has NT$2 Million Budget Taken Away. Taipei Times, Retrieved from http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2013/11/14/2003576840



 



3-2(CHS): Wang, Wen-Chun. (2005). The Boundary of Hakka: Interpretation and Reconstruction of Hakka Images. Soochow Journal of Sociology, 18, 117-156.



 



3-3(CHS): Peng, Wen-Cheng. (2008). Investigating Hakka Images in Taiwan’s Mainstream Newspapers. In Association for Hakka Studies (ed.), Ethnic Diversity and Hakka: Hakka Movement in Taiwan for 20 Years, 274-295. Taipei, Wunan Books Inco.



 



 



Week04:



4-1: ABC News. (2020, Dec 9). Istanbul Basaksehir, PSG walk off field during Champions League clash due to alleged racism from fourth official. ABC News, Retrieved from https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-12-09/ champions-league-walk-off-istanbul-basaksehir-psg-racism/12964002



 



4-2: Chao Ching-yu, Yang Shu-min, Yeh Su-ping, Hsu Chih-wei & Lim Emerson. (2020, Sep 28). Taiwanese media criticized for disrespecting indigenous culture. Focus Taiwan CNA English News, Retrieved from https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202009280016



 



4-3: The Opportunity Agenda. (2011). Social Science Literature Review: Media Representations and Impact on the Lives of Black Men and Boys, Retrieved from https://www.opportunityagenda.org/explore/resources-publications/ social- science-literature-review



 



4-4: Vergeer, Maurice., Lubbers, Marcel. & Scheepers, Peer. (2000). Exposure to Newspapers and Attitudes toward Ethnic Minorities: A Longitudinal Analysis, Howard Journal of Communications, 11:2, 127-143.



 



4-5(CHS): Lien, Shu-Chin. (2018). The presentations of aboriginal people on Taiwanese Newspaper: Frequency, importance, bias, and image. Journal of CAGST, 3-15.



 



 



Week05:



5-1: Tukachinsky, Riva., Mastro, Dana. & Yarchi, Moran. (2015). Documenting Portrayals of Race/Ethnicity on Primetime Television over a 20-Year Span and Their Association with National-Level Racial/Ethnic Attitudes. Journal of Social Issues, 71 (1), 17-38.



 



5-2(CHS): Chen, Chih-Jou & Ng, Ka-u. (2017). Public Attitudes toward Marriage Migrants in Taiwan: The Ten-Year Change, 2004–2014. Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy, 29 (3), 415–452.



 



5-3: Cheng, Hsin-I. (2016). On Migrant Workers’ Social Status in Taiwan: A Critical Analysis of Mainstream News Discourse. International Journal of Communication, 10, 2509–2528.



 



 



Week06:



6-1: Lee, Daphne K. (2021). Netflix’s ‘Bling Empire’ Wants Us To Believe Crazy Rich Asian Stereotypes. The VICE Newsletter, Retrieved from https://www.vice.com/en/article/bvx3jd/netflix-bling-empire-crazy-rich-asian- stereotypes- representation



 



6-2: Ramasubramanian, Srividya., Doshi, Marissa Joanna. & Saleem, Muniba. (2017). Mainstream Versus Ethnic Media:  How They Shape Ethnic Pride and Self-Esteem Among Ethnic Minority Audiences. International Journal of Communication, 11, 1879–1899.



 



6-3(CHS): Chung, Chia-Shun. (2009). Who we are? We speak for ourselves--A content analysis for News of Indigenous in the Taiwan Indigenous TV (Unpublished master’s thesis). Nanhua University, Chiayi County, Taiwan.



 



6-4: Cottle, Simon. (2000). Ethnic Minorities & The Media: Changing Cultural Boundaries (Issues in Cultural and Media Studies), Philadelphia: Open University Press. (Changing Representations: pp7-15)



 



 



Week07:



7-1: Yang, Sophia. (2021, Feb 6). Taiwan's showbiz asked to stop making dirty jokes about female entertainers. Taiwan News, Retrieved from https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/4121840



 



7-2: Gill, Gurvinder. & Rahman-Jones, Imran. (2020, Jul 9). Me Too founder Tarana Burke: Movement is not over. BBC News, Retrieved from https://www.bbc.com/news/newsbeat-53269751



 



7-3: Sink, Alexander & Mastro, Dana. (2017). Depictions of Gender on Primetime Television: A Quantitative Content Analysis. Mass Communication and Society, 20 (1), 3–22.



 



7-4: Ward, Monique L. & Grower, Petal. (2020). Media and the Development of Gender Role Stereotypes. Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, 2020 (2), 177-199.



 



7-5(CHS): Huang, Wei-Wei. (2009). Case Analysis on the Representation of Gender Issues in Taiwanese Television Programs. Research Project for National Communications Commission in 2009.



 



7-6: Chi, Chia-Wen. (1999). Gender stereotypes: a comparison of U.S. and Taiwanese magazine advertisements (Unpublished master’s thesis). San Jose State University, California, US.



 



 



Week08:



8-1: Chen, Naomi. (2020, May 1). Pink Masks: For Boys As Well As Girls. The Taiwan Times, Retrieved from https:// thetaiwantimes.com/pink-masks-for-boys-as-well-as-girls/



 



8-2: Hollingsworth, Julia. (2019, May 17). Taiwan legalizes same-sex marriage in historic first for Asia. CNN News, Retrieved from https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/17/asia/taiwan-same-sex-marriage-intl/index.html



 



8-3: Ayoub, Phillip & Garretson, Jeremiah. (2017). Getting the Message Out: Media Context and Global Changes in Attitudes toward Homosexuality. Comparative Political Studies, 50 (8), 1055-1085.



 



8-4: Cheng, Yen-hsin Alice., Wu, Fen-Chieh Felice & Adamczyk, Amy. (2016). Changing Attitudes Toward Homosexuality in Taiwan, 1995–2012. Chinese Sociological Review, 48 (4), 317-345.



 



8-5: Wang, Zhixin. (2017). Eyeing marriage equality: News media representation of same-sex marriage legalization debate in Taiwan. (Unpublished master’s thesis). Lund University, Lund, Sweden.



 



8-6: Gonta, Gabby., Hansen, Shannon., Fagin, Claire & Fong, Jennevieve. (2017). Changing Media and Changing Minds: Media Exposure and Viewer Attitudes Toward Homosexuality. Pepperdine Journal of Communication Research, 5, 22-34.



 



 



Week09:



9-1: Liu, Lyla. Taiwan's first transgender government official gets fashion makeover. Taiwan News, Retrieved from https://www.taiwannews.com.tw/en/news/3924184



 



9-2: McLaren, Jackson Taylor. (2017). Recognize Me”: An Analysis of Transgender Media Representation (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Windsor, Windsor, Canada.



 



9-3: Solomon, Haley. (2016). Media’s Influence on Perceptions of Trans Women (Unpublished bachelor’s thesis). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, US.



 



 



Week12:



12-1: Collins, Lois M. (2019, Sep 24). Ageism is costing this country billions- Here’s how. Deseret News, Retrieved from https://www.deseret.com/indepth/2019/9/24/20880106/elderly-media-portrayal-ageism-us-economy-aarp



 



12-2(CHS): 曹賜斌 (2020, Jun 24). 為何童話中一定是「老」巫婆跟「小」仙女?揭密自古以來的「老年歧視」:年紀大錯了嗎. The Storm Media, Retrieved from https://www.storm.mg/lifestyle/2788537



 



12-3: Vernon, JoEtta A., Williams, Allen., Phillips, Terri & Wilson, Janet. (1991). Media Stereotyping: A Comparison of the Way Elderly Women and Men Are Portrayed on Prime-Time Television. Journal of Women & Aging, 2 (4), 55-68.



 



12-4: Swift, Hannah J. & Steeden, Ben. (2020). Literature review: Exploring representations of old age and ageing. Retrieved from https://www.ageing-better.org.uk/sites/default/files/2020-03/Exploring-representations-of-old-age.pdf



 



12-5: Settersten, Richard A. (2017). Some Things I Have Learned About Aging by Studying the Life Course. Innovation in Aging, 1 (2), 1-7.



 



 



Week13:



13-1(CHS): 管中祥 (2019, Apr 5). 媒體與精障的距離|為什麼媒體大多負面報導精障者?Civilmedia @ Taiwan, Retrieved from https://www.civilmedia.tw/archives/83655



 



13-2: Parrott, Scott & Parrott, Caroline T. (2015). Law & Disorder: The Portrayal of Mental Illness in U.S. Crime Dramas. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 59 (4), 640-657.



 



13-3(CHS): Chang, Heng-hao & Wang, Jing-yi. (2016). From “Handicapped” to “Disabled” :A Content Analysis of Disability Labels and Discourse in Taiwanese Newspapers. Taiwanese Sociology, 31, 1-41.



 



13-4(CHS): 管中祥、戴伊筠、陳雅萱、王皓均 (2010). Mental Illness in Media. 中華傳播學會2010 年年會會議論文, Chiayi County, Taiwan.



 



13-5: Reid, Lindsey. (2019, Nov 27). Misleading Media: Disabilities in Film and Television. UAB Institute for Human Rights Blog, Retrieved from https://sites.uab.edu/humanrights/2019/11/27/misleading-media-disabilities- in-film-and- television/



 



 



Week14:



14-1: Tropp, Linda R. & Pettigrew, Thomas F. (2006). Relationships between Intergroup Contact and Prejudice Among Minority and Majority Status Groups. Psychological Science, 16 (12), 951-957.



 



14-2(CHS): Peng, Weng-Jeng. (2008). The Propagating Functions of Hakka TV in a Multi-Dialectical Culture. Journal of Audio-visual Media and Technologies, 28, 1-28.



 



14-3: Choi, Damee., Minote, Natsumi., Sekiya, Takahiro & Watanuki, Shigeki. (2016). Relationships between Trait Empathy and Psychological Well-Being in Japanese University Students. Psychology, 7, 1240-1247.



 



14-4: McFalls, Elisabeth L. & Cobb-Roberts, Deirdre. (2001). Reducing Resistance to Diversity through Cognitive Dissonance Instruction: Implications for Teacher Education. Journal of Teacher Education, 52 (2), 164-172.



 



14-5: Bajger, Allison. (2019, Oct 15). Brands As Stereotypes: Implications for Marketers. LRW Resources, Retrieved from https://lrwonline.com/perspective/brands-as-stereotypes-implications-for-marketers/



 



14-6: Morellia, Sylvia A., Ong, Desmond C., Makatia, Rucha., Jackson, Matthew O. & Zaki, Jamil. (2017). Empathy and well-being correlate with centrality in different social networks. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114 (37), 9843–9847.



 



 



Other Bibliographies:



Behm-Morawitz, Elizabeth & Ta, David. (2014). Cultivating Virtual Stereotypes: The Impact of Video Game Play on Racial/Ethnic Stereotypes. Howard Journal of Communications, 25 (1), 1–15.



 



Donald, Heather Mac. (2018). The Diversity Delusion: How Race and Gender Pandering Corrupt the University and Undermine Our Culture, New York: St. Martin’s Press.



 



Huang, Tzu-Ting. (2015). Media Representation of Taiwan’s New Female Immigrants in Documentaries. Contemporary Chinese Political Economy and Strategic Relations: An International Journal, 1 (2), 333-350.



 



Jhang, JhuCin. (2019). Examining Cultural Discourses in Taiwanese Gender and Sexual Minority/Tongzhi Family-of- Origin Relationships. Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review, 33, 115–142.



 



Lee, Meihua(CHS). (2013). A Comparative Analysis of Media Representations of Taiwan’s Yami/Tao Aboriginal Peoples. Intercultural Communication Studies, 22 (1), 63-76.



 


Urls about Course
1. https://mediasmarts.ca/digital-media-literacy/media-issues/diversity-media 2. https://theconversation.com/us/topics/media-stereotypes-12187
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