SemesterSpring Semester, 2021
DepartmentGraduate Institute of Deveopment Studies MA Program, First Year Graduate Institute of Deveopment Studies PhD Program, First Year Graduate Institute of Deveopment Studies MA Program, Second Year Graduate Institute of Deveopment Studies PhD Program, Second Year
Course NameDemocracy and Democratization in East and South Asia
InstructorWEI MEI-CHUAN
Credit3.0
Course TypeElective
Prerequisite
Course Objective
Course Description
Course Schedule

Week 1  Course introduction and overview



Week 2  General themes about democracy in Asia (I): democracy and  liberal democracy



Readings:




  1. Diamond, Larry, 2011, ‘East Asia amid the Receding Tide of the Third Wave of Democracy’, paper presented at International Conference on Democracy in East Asia and Taiwan in Global Perspective’, Aug. 24-25, 2011, Taipei, Taiwan.

  2. Diamond, Larry, 2013, ‘Introduction’, in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  3. Fukuyama, Francis, 2013, ‘The Patterns of History’, in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  4. Beetham, David, 1994, ‘Introduction’, in D. Beetham (ed.), Defining and Measuring Democracy (London: Sage)



* Suggested readings:




  1. Westad, O. R., 2005, The Global Cold War (Cambridge: CUP)

  2. Zakaria, Fareed, 2004, The Future of Freedom: Liberal Democracy at Home and Abroad (N.Y.: Norton)

  3. Weale, Albert, 1999, ‘Introduction: Democracy and Political Theory’, Democracy (London: MacMillan Press Ltd.)



Week 3  General themes about democracy in Asia (II): democracy and modernisation



Readings:




  1. Held, David, 2000, ‘The development of liberal democracy: For and against the state’, Model of Democracy (2 edn.), (Cambridge: Polity Press)

  2. Parekh, Bhikhu, 1996, ‘The cultural particularity of liberal democracy’, in David Held (eds.), 1996, Prospects for Democracy(Cambridge: Polity Press)

  3. Weale, Albert, 1999, ‘Varieties of Democracy’, Democracy (London: MacMillan Press Ltd.)



Week 4 (19 Mar)  Japanese democracy: External engineering, party politics and bureaucracy



* Film: The Emperor (political history of Japan after the end of WWII under the American occupation)



Readings:




  1. Dower, John, 1999, Chap. ‘Introduction’, ‘Engineering Growth’, and ‘Legacies/Fantasies/Dreams’, in John Dower, Embracing Defeat: Japan in the aftermath of World War II (London: Penguin)  “Introduction, ch17, epilogue.”

  2. Bullock, Robert W., 2000, ‘Japan’, in Jeffrey Kopstein and Mark Lichbach (eds.), Comparative Politics (Cambridge: CUP)

  3. Iokibe, Makoto, 1998, ‘Japan’s Democratic Experience’, in Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Democracy in East Asia (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



* Suggested reading:



1. Potter, David, 1996, ‘Democratization in Asia’, in David Held (ed.), Prospects for Democracy (Cambridge: Polity Press)



Week 5  Indian democracy: colonial legacy, modernisation, and governability (I)



Readings:




  1. Sarkar, Sumit, 2001, ‘Indian democracy: the historical inheritance’, in Atul Kohli (ed.), The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)

  2. Lijpart, Arend, 1996, ‘The Puzzle of Indian Democracy: A Consociational Interpretation’, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 90, No. 2, Jun. 1996, pp. 258-268

  3. Varshney, A., 1998, ‘India defies the odds: why democracy survives’, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1998



* Suggested readings:



1. Brown, J., 1985, Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy (Oxford: OUP)



Week 6  Indian democracy: colonial legacy, modernisation, and governability (II)



Readings:



1.     Brass, P., 1999, ‘India: democratic progress and problems’, in Harrison, et al (eds.), India and Pakistan: the First Fifty Years (Cambridge: CUP)



2.     Das Gupta, Jyotirindra, 1995, ‘India: Democratic Becoming and Developmental Transition’, in L. Diamond, J. Linz and M. Lipset (eds.), Politics in Developing Countries: Comparing Experiences with Democracy (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner)



3.     Ray, Aswini K., 2002, ‘Globalization and democratic governance: The Indian experience’, in C. Kinnvall and K. Jönsson (eds.), Globalization and Democratization in Asia: the Construction of Identity (London: Routledge)



4.  Jenkins, Rob, 2008, ‘India: Associational Life and Its Discontents’, in Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall (eds.), Politics in Developing World (Oxford: OUP)



* Suggested readings:



1. Kohli, Atul, 1990, Democracy and Discontent: India’s Growing Crisis of Governability (Cambridge: CUP)



2. Kohli, Atul (ed.), 2001, The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)



Week 7  Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia



* Film: The Day When India Burned (history of 1947 partition in India)



Readings:



1.     Chadda, M., 2000, ‘The history of democratic experience in South Asia,’ Building Democracy in South Asia: India, Nepal, Pakistan (N. Y.: Rienner)



2.     Jalal, Ayesha, 1995, ‘State formation and political processes in India and Pakistan, 1947 to 1971,’ in Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A comparative and historical perspective (Cambridge: CUP)



3.    Odenburg, Philip, 2010, ‘Clearly divergent paths,’ India, Pakistan and Democracy: Solving the puzzle of divergent paths (London: Routledge)



4.    Taylor, David, 2008, ‘Pakistan: The Military as a Political Fixture,’ in Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall (eds.), Politics in Developing World (Oxford: OUP)



*Suggested readings:



1. Jalal, Ayesha, 1995, ‘The colonial legacy,’ in Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A comparative and historical perspective (Cambridge: CUP)



2. Cooper, F., 2005, Colonialism in Question: Theory, Knowledge, History (California: U of California Press)



Week 8  Democratisation in the NICs: state capacity and regime change (I): South Korea and Taiwan



Readings:




  1. Yun-han Chu and Hyug Baeg Im, 2013, ‘The Two Turnovers in South Korea and Taiwan,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  2. Ferdinand, Peter, 2008, ‘South Korea: From Development to New Challenges,’ in Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall (eds.), Politics in Developing World (Oxford: OUP) 



3.   Potter, David, 1997, ‘Democratization at the same time in South Korea and Taiwan’, in David Potter et al (eds.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity)



4.    Leftwich, A., 1995, ‘Bringing the state back in: towards a model of the developmental state,’ Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 3, No. 13, Feb. 1995



* Suggested readings:



1. Potter, David, 1997, ‘Explaining democratization’, in David Potter et al (eds.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity)



2. Robinson, M., and G. White (eds.), 1998, The Democratic Developmental State: Politics and Institutional Design (Oxford: OUP)



Week 9  Mid-Term Exam Week



* Film: Formosa Betrayed (history of democratisation in postwar Taiwan)



*Presentations of term paper proposals



Week 10  Democratisation in the NICs: state capacity and regime change (II): Singapore and Hong Kong



Readings:



1.     Ng, Margaret, 1998, ‘Why Asia needs democracy: a view from Hong Kong’, in Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner (eds.), Democracy in East Asia (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



2.     Bell, Daniel A. and Jayasuriya, Kanishka, 1995, ‘Understanding illiberall democracy: a framework’, in Daniel Bell, David Brown, Kanishka Jayasuriya and David Martin Jones (eds.), Towards Illiberal Democracy in Asia Pacific (London: MacMillan)



3.     Cotton, James, 1997, ‘East Asian democracy: progress and limits’, in Larry Diamond et al (eds.), Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press)



4.    Slater, Dan, 2013, ‘Strong-State Democratization in Malaysia and Singapore,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



* Suggested readings:



1.  Hill, M. and L. K. Fee, The Politics of Nation Building and Citizenship in Singapore (London: Routledge)



2. Chan, Ming, 1997, ‘The legacy of British administration of Hong Kong: a view from Hong Kong’, China Quarterly, No. 151, 1997



Week 11  Debating democracy in China



Readings:




  1. Pei, Minxin, 2013, ‘Is CCP Rule Fragile or Resilient?’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  2. Meisner, M., 1996, The Deng Xiaoping Era: An Inquiry into the Fate of Chinese Socialism, 1978-94, (Hill & Wang) “Chapter12, 13, 14”

  3. Womack, B., 1991, “In search of democracy: public authority and popular power in China”, in B. Womack (ed.), Contemporary Chinese Politics in Historical Perspective (Cambridge: CUP)

  4. Chu, Yun-han, 2013, ‘China and the Taiwan Factor,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



Week 12  Democracy and Democratisation in Southeast Asia



Readings:




  1. Gainsborough, Martin, 2013, ‘Elites vs. Reform in Laos, Cambodia and Vitenam,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  2. Zin, Min and Brian Joseph, 2013, ‘Burma: The Democrats’ Opportunity,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  3. Aspinall, Edward, 2013, ‘The Irony of Success in Indonesia,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  4. Thompson, Mark R., 2013, ‘Reviving Reformism in the Philippines,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)

  5. Pongsudhirak, Thitinan, 2013, ‘Thailand’s Uneasy Passage,’ in Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner and Yun-han Chu (eds.), Democracy in East Asia: a new century (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



Week 13  Sports Day (no class)



Week 14  Ethnic, religious and linguistic politics and democratisation



Readings:



1.     Wolpert, Stanley, 1999, ‘India, the Multicultural Paradigm’, Orbis, Vol. 43, No. 4, Fall 1999, pp. 575-79



2.    Dreyer, June Teufel, ‘China, the Multicultural Paradigm’, Orbis, Vol. 43, No. 4, Fall 1999, pp. 581-97.



3.    Dasgupta, J., 2001, ‘India’s federal design and multicultural national construction’, in Atul Kohli (ed.), The Success of India’s Democracy (Cambridge: CUP)



4.  Aspinall, Edward, 2008, ‘Indonesia: Coping with Fragmentation,’ in Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall (eds.), Politics in Developing World (Oxford: OUP)



Week 15  Democracy, development and gender



Readings:



1.     Przeworski, Adam, 1993, ‘The neoliberal fallacy’, in Larry Diamond and Marc Plattner (eds.), Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy Revisited (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP)



2.     Randall, Vicky, 1997, ‘Why have the political trajectories of India and China been different’, in David Potter et al (ed.), Democratization (Cambridge: Polity Press)



3.     Clark, Cal and Lee, Rose J., 2000, ‘Women’s Status in East Asia’, in Rose J. Lee and Cal Clark (eds.), Democracy & the Status of Women in East Asia (London: Lynne Reinner)



4.     Ling, L.H.M., 2000, ‘The limits of democratization for women in east Asia’, in Rose J. Lee and Cal Clark (eds.), Democracy & the Status of Women in East Asia (London: Lynne Reinner)



Week 16  Democracy and human rights



Readings:



1.     Christie, K. and D. Roy, 2001, The Politics of Human Rights in East Asia (London: Pluto) “Introduction”



2.     Bell, D. A., 2000, East Meets West: Human Rights and Democracy in East Asia (NJ: Princeton UP) “Introduction, chapter2”



3.     Bauer, J. and D. A. Bell, 1999, eds. The East Asian Challenge for Human Rights (Cambridge: CUP) “Introduction, chapter1”



4.     Sen, A., 1999, ‘Democracy as a universal value,’ Journal of Democracy, 10:3



5.     Van Ness, P., 1999, ed. Debating Human Rights: Critical Essays from the United States and Asia, (London: Routledge) “Chapter2, Chapter3”



Week 17  Democracy and legitimacy



Readings:



1.     Lipset, M., 1996, “The centrality of political culture”, in L. Diamond and M. Platner, eds. The Global Resurgence of Democracy, John Hopkins UP



2.     Parekh, B., 1994, “Cultural diversity and liberal democracy”, in D. Beetham, Defining and Measuring Democracy, Sage.



3.     Sen, A., 2004, “Passage to China”, New York Review of Books 51:19, 2 Dec 2004



4.     Zakaria, F., 1994, “Culture is destiny: a conversation with Lee Kuan Yew”, Foreign Affairs 73:2, Mar/Apr 1994



5.     Kim Dae Jung, “Is culture destiny? The myth of Asia’s anti-democratic values”, Foreign Affairs, Nov/Dec 1994



6.     Fukuyama, F., 1995, “Confucianism and democracy”, Journal of Democracy, 6:2, 1995



* Suggested reading:



Pye, L., 1985, Asian Power and Politics: The Cultural Dimensions of Authority, Harvard UP



Week 18  Wrap-up & Presentations of final essays  


Teaching Methods
Teaching Assistant

N/A


Requirement/Grading

  1. Students are required to submit one essay (term paper) of around 3000 words at the end of the semester, present readings (at least once during the semester), and participate in class discussion.



*Presentation: students can choose to present the readings or discuss an essay question (to be provided by the teacher) by incorporating assigned readings into the presentation. Extra materials related to the week’s topic are appreciated yet the assigned readings should be covered in the presentation.  




  1. For writing the term paper, students can choose an essay question from the list of essay questions prepared by the teacher or by his/her own. But the topic needs to be approved by the teacher in advance.



*The deadline for submitting final essay:




  1. Final grade is calculated as follows:



Final essay accounts for 50%;



Class participation, including presentation and class discussion, accounts for 50%;


Textbook & Reference

N/A


Urls about Course
N/A
Attachment